(1) facts represented as text, numbers, graphics, images, sound, or video. Data is hte raw material used to represent information, or from which information can be derived (Everest 2010). (2) the individual facts that are out of context, and have no meaning by themselves, they are often referred to as raw data, such as 123.45. Data have historically been defined as plural; datum is the singular form (Brackett 2011).